How To Fix Bootrec /rebuildbcd Element Not Found Error in Windows 10/11

Encountering errors during the boot process of your Windows 10/11 PC can be a daunting experience, especially when the message “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” pops up.

This error can halt your system’s startup process, leaving you unable to access your operating system. In this article, we delve into what this error message means, its potential causes, and provide step-by-step solutions to resolve it, ensuring your Windows system returns to its optimal functioning state.

 Bootrec /rebuildbcd Element Not Found

Understanding the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd Element Not Found” Error

The “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error typically occurs during the boot phase of a Windows system. This error message indicates that the Boot Configuration Data (BCD), which is crucial for starting Windows properly, is either corrupted, missing, or not recognized by the system.

The BCD store contains vital information about the boot partitions and operating system(s) installed on the computer.

Causes of the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd Element Not Found” Error

Several factors can lead to the occurrence of the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error in Windows 10/11:

  1. Corrupted BCD Store: The most common cause is a corrupted or damaged BCD store due to power outages, disk write errors, or virus attacks.
  2. System File Corruption: Essential system files required for booting Windows can become corrupted, leading to boot issues.
  3. Incorrect BIOS Settings: Sometimes, changes in the BIOS settings regarding the boot order or legacy and UEFI boot modes can cause this error.
  4. Faulty Hardware: Faulty or failing hard drives, or issues with other hardware components, can also contribute to this problem.
  5. Windows Update or Software Installation: Occasionally, a Windows update or the installation of software can interfere with the boot process.

Methods to Fix the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd Element Not Found” Error

Resolving this error involves a series of steps aimed at repairing or rebuilding the BCD store and ensuring your hardware is functioning correctly.

1. Use Windows Recovery Environment

To begin, you’ll need to access the Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) by booting from a Windows installation media (USB or DVD). Once in WinRE:

  • Choose “Troubleshoot” > “Advanced options” > “Command Prompt.”

2. Attempt Automatic Repair

First, try the Automatic Repair option:

  • In WinRE, go to “Troubleshoot” > “Advanced options” > “Startup Repair.”
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to let Windows attempt an automatic fix.

If this doesn’t resolve the issue, proceed with the following manual steps in the Command Prompt:

3. Rebuild the BCD Store Manually

  • In the Command Prompt, type the following commands, pressing Enter after each:
    bootrec /fixmbr
    bootrec /fixboot
  • To attempt to rebuild the BCD, type bootrec /rebuildbcd and press Enter. If this step results in the “element not found” error, proceed to the next step.

4. Manually Reset the BCD Store

  • If bootrec /rebuildbcd fails, manually reset the BCD store by executing the following commands:
    bcdedit /export C:\bcdbackup
    attrib c:\boot\bcd -r -s -h
    ren c:\boot\bcd bcd.old
    bootrec /rebuildbcd
  • After these commands, the bootrec /rebuildbcd command should successfully detect Windows installations and rebuild the BCD store.

5. Check Disk for Errors

Corrupted disk sectors can lead to BCD errors. Run a disk check by typing chkdsk /f /r in the Command Prompt. This command will scan and fix any disk errors, but it may take some time depending on the size and condition of your hard drive.

6. System File Checker

Use the System File Checker (SFC) tool to repair missing or corrupted system files:

  • In the Command Prompt, type sfc /scannow and press Enter.
  • The SFC tool will scan and repair any issues with system files.

7. Check Hardware Components

If the error persists, consider checking your hardware, especially the hard drive, for potential failures. Utilize the BIOS/UEFI hardware diagnostics or third-party tools to assess your hard drive’s health.

8. Adjust BIOS/UEFI Settings

Incorrect BIOS/UEFI settings can sometimes prevent Windows from accessing the boot configuration data properly. To address this:

  • Restart your computer and enter the BIOS/UEFI setup (this usually involves pressing a key like F2, F10, Del, or Esc immediately after turning on the PC).
  • Ensure the boot mode is set correctly (Legacy or UEFI) according to your system’s requirements.
  • Verify that the hard drive where Windows is installed is listed correctly in the boot order.
  • Save any changes and exit the BIOS/UEFI setup.

9. Repair the Master Boot Record (MBR)

A corrupted Master Boot Record can also lead to boot issues. To repair the MBR:

  • Access the Command Prompt from the Windows Recovery Environment as previously outlined.
  • Type bootrec /fixmbr and press Enter.
  • After completing the MBR repair, restart your computer to see if the issue is resolved.

10. Restore from a System Restore Point

If you had previously created a system restore point, you could attempt to restore your system to a state before the error occurred:

  • In the Windows Recovery Environment, go to “Troubleshoot” > “Advanced options” > “System Restore.”
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to select a restore point and begin the restoration process.
  • This method won’t affect your personal files, but it will remove applications, drivers, and updates installed after the restore point was made.

11. Reset Your PC

As a last resort, if none of the above solutions resolve the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error, consider resetting your PC:

  • In the Windows Recovery Environment, navigate to “Troubleshoot” > “Reset this PC.”
  • Choose to keep your files if you wish to save personal data or select to remove everything for a clean start.
  • Follow the prompts to reset your Windows installation, which can resolve underlying issues causing the boot error.

Preventive Measures and Maintenance Tips

To avoid encountering boot errors in the future, consider the following preventive measures:

  • Regular Backups: Regularly backing up your system and important data can prevent loss in case of system failures.
  • System Updates: Keep your system updated with the latest Windows updates and drivers to ensure stability and security.
  • Disk Maintenance: Regularly run disk cleanup and check disk utilities to maintain the health of your storage devices.
  • Create a Recovery Drive: Having a Windows recovery drive can be invaluable for troubleshooting boot issues and accessing recovery tools.


The “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error in Windows 10/11 can be a significant hurdle, preventing your PC from booting correctly. By understanding its causes and systematically applying the solutions provided, you can address this error, restoring access to your Windows system.

Regular system maintenance, including keeping your software up to date and monitoring your hardware’s health, can prevent such issues from arising, ensuring a smooth and efficient computing experience.

FAQ on “Bootrec /rebuildbcd Element Not Found” Error

Q1: What is the BCD in Windows 10/11?

A1: BCD stands for Boot Configuration Data. It’s a database that contains boot-time configuration data. It is essential for the Windows boot process, as it tells the system how and where to boot the operating system.

Q2: Can I fix the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error without Windows installation media?

A2: While most solutions require Windows installation media to access the Windows Recovery Environment, if you can still boot into Windows or have a recovery partition available, you can attempt fixes like running the System File Checker or the Automatic Repair without it.

Q3: How do I prevent the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error from happening again?

A3: Regular system maintenance, such as keeping your system updated, running disk checks, and creating system restore points, can help prevent this and other system errors. Additionally, avoid improper shutdowns and use reliable antivirus software to protect against malware.

Q4: Will using the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd” command delete my data?

A4: No, using the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd” command will not delete your data. It is designed to repair boot issues without affecting your personal files. However, always back up important data regularly as a precaution.

Q5: What does it mean if “Bootrec /rebuildbcd” finds no Windows installations?

A5: If “Bootrec /rebuildbcd” finds no Windows installations, it could indicate that the BCD store is severely corrupted, the system files are damaged, or the disk where Windows is installed is not being recognized. Follow up with disk checks and hardware diagnostics.

Q6: Can the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error be caused by a virus?

A6: Yes, malware or viruses can corrupt system files, including those necessary for booting Windows, leading to this and other errors. Ensure you have a good antivirus program installed and run regular scans.

Q7: Is it safe to perform these repairs if I’m not tech-savvy?

A7: While the steps provided are designed to be followed by users with varying levels of expertise, if you’re unsure, it’s best to seek assistance from someone more experienced or a professional. Missteps in the repair process can lead to further system issues.

Q8: After fixing the error, how can I create a recovery drive for future issues?

A8: To create a recovery drive in Windows 10/11, search for “Create a recovery drive” in the Start menu and follow the on-screen instructions. You’ll need a USB drive with sufficient space. This drive can be a lifesaver for future troubleshooting.

Q9: Can changing my computer’s hardware components cause this error?

A9: Yes, changing hardware components, especially storage devices like the hard drive or SSD where Windows is installed, can cause boot-related errors due to changes in the hardware configuration.

Q10: What should I do if none of the solutions work?

A10: If none of the solutions resolve the “Bootrec /rebuildbcd element not found” error, it may be time to consult a professional technician. There could be underlying hardware issues or severe system corruption that require expert attention.

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